McDonald and Roberts
This manual is very popular for introductory biology labs emphasizing a molecular-cellular approach. The 12 exercises are ideal for the quarter or semester program and are adaptable for use with most textbooks.
Each of the twelve laboratory investigations in this laboratory manual consists of 7 sections. The Learning Outcomes section sets the stage for the investigation by highlighting what the student can expect to learn or be able to do as a result of conducting the investigation. By including the section entitled Theory, the authors hope to reinforce the classroom lectures and to point out the relationships between specific observations and general principles.
The next two sections of each investigation are designed to be student friendly and to encourage efficiency and teamwork. The Materials and Equipment section lists the supplies and equipment needed by each individual student or lab group while the Procedures section provides a clear, concise, step by step guide for conducting each of the investigations. These sections allow the students to organize their workspaces and their time, ensuring that they have everything that they need before beginning and that the investigations proceed smoothly and efficiently.
Each investigation also contains a section, Investigative Skills, designed to hone research and investigative skills. In todays world students and scientists alike must be adept at using available electronic resources to expand their knowledge and find answers or solutions to problems. This section provides an opportunity to expand the knowledge gained in the laboratory by extending the investigation outside the laboratory.
The final two sections, Questions and Challenge Questions, are intended to allow students to test their understanding of the lab activities and results and to engage in higher order thinking by applying the principles learned to new situations or problems.